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【英语畅谈世界文化】Lesson097 Bill Gates 比尔-盖茨  

2016-10-02 22:20:43|  分类: 【英语】听力 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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lesson97 Bill Gates   比尔·盖茨(美国)

原文:

H: Henry        LLeslie

 

H: Let's look up Bill Gates, I think he is probably the richest person in the history of the universe.

L: Let's see . . .  Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft, born in 1955. He's pretty young, then.  I hope I'm as rich as him when I'm his age.

H: You've got no chance! You're too lazy to become a billionaire. He started studying at Harvard University in 1973, but he dropped out. That sounds more like you!

L: It was at Harvard that he met Paul Allen Gates and Allen worked on a version of the programming language BASIC, that was the basis for che MITS Altair, the first microcomputer available.

H: So, dropping out in his junior year worked out well tor him because that's when he set up Microsoft. Microsoft helped to make the computer easier to use with its developed and purchased software, everyone wanted to use it.

L: But Microsoft is a monopoly, I don't think that should be allowed in business and I think many people agree with me. Bill Gates has his critics over the years concerning the way he does business.

H: It's because he is an aggressive businessman, he gets what he wants using every tactic available.

L: Wow! In 2006, his wealth was estimated at $53 billion, I can't even imagine that much money. I wonder what it would look like if it was all in cash.

H: What people forget is chat although he is an aggressive businessman, he is also very kind-hearted.  He often donates considerable amounts of money to charity and has even set up his own charitable foundation.

L: Yes, he and his wife Melinda, who he has 3 children with, created the foundation in 2000. They donate more than $ l billion each year.

H: In 2005 he received an "honorary" knighthood from the Queen of England, a KBE Order for his services in reducing poverty and improving health in the developing countries of the world.

L: It's the second highest order given out. He can't be a "Sir" though, because he isn't British. I think be deserved it, he does so much good work.


译文:

H: Henry        LLeslie

H:亨利           L:莱斯利  

 

H:咱们查查比尔·盖茨吧。我觉得他可能是世界有史以来最富有的人。

L:我们来看看……比尔·盖茨,1955年生,微软公司的创始人。他很年轻嘛。希望我到他这个年纪时也能跟他一样富有。

H:没机会啦!你太懒了,成不了亿万富翁。比尔·盖茨1973年在哈佛大学读书,但后来退学了。听起来很像你嘛!

L:在哈佛大学,他遇见了鲍尔·艾伦。他们一起研制BASIC计算机程序语言编译器,这是微型仪器和遥感系统公司牛郎星计算机运行的基础,是当时可用的第一台微型电脑。

H:所以,在大三的时候,退学对他来说是个不错的决定,因为正是那时他创办了微软公司。该公司利用自己开发和购买的软件,使电脑用起来容易多了,每个人都想用。

L:但微软是个垄断企业。我认为在这一行不应该搞垄断,而且我想很多人都和我的看法一致。最近几年,比尔·盖茨的经营方式肯定遭到了不少批评。

H:那是因为他咄咄逼人,利用一切手段得到他想要的东西。

L:哇!到2006年,他的财富估计达到 530亿美元。那么多钱我连想都不敢想。如果这些钱都是现金,不知道会是什么样子。

H:别忘了,比尔·盖茨除了是个有进取精神的商人之外,还是个慈善家。他经常向慈善事业大量捐款,还成立了自己的慈善基金会。

L:是的,他和妻子梅林达在2000年创办了基金会,他们有3个孩子。他们每年的捐款都超过10亿元。

H: 2005年,因为他为世界发展中国家的脱贫和健康事业所做的努力,英国女王授予他荣誉爵士勋章。

L:那是英国的二等高级帝国勋爵士头衔。不过他不能做爵士,因为他不是英国人。但我觉得这个头衔对他是当之无愧,他做了那么多善事。

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