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【英语畅谈世界文化】Lesson099 NBA 美国职业篮球联赛  

2016-10-02 22:18:13|  分类: 【英语】听力 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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lesson99 NBA   美国职业篮球联赛(美国)


原文:

M1 :  Man 1        M2 : Man 2

 

M1: There's a good NBA game on TV tonight shall we watch it?

M2: That depends . . .  who's playing?

M1: The Houston Rockets and Miami Heat. You know, Yao Ming plays for the Rockets so we have to watch.

M2: Do you have any idea who invented basketball or the NBA? Someone must have made up the rules.

M1: I do know, yes. A Canadian man, Dr. James Naismith created the game of basketball from 13 original rules. It's played a little differently nowadays, but the Principle is still the same.

M2: It was first played in Canada? I'm sure I read somewhere that the first game was played in 1946 in Toronto.

M1: That's right, the first game was between the Toronto Huskies and the New York Knickerbockers. At that time the game was pretty boring, though. They didn't introduce the 24-second clock until after.

M2: The 24-second clock and of course an accompanying limit on the number of fouls a team could commit in a quarter. This created the game we know and love today.

M1: So, the NBA became more and more popular after that. When it started in Canada, most children grew up playing ice hockey and didn't really like basketball, but over the years it has changed considerably.

M2: Is the NBA one organization or is it made of many put together?

M1: Like most pro sports leagues, the NBA is a confederation of separate organizations that compete yet must also cooperate.

M2: This kind of confederation wouldn't be able to survive and become more popular without outstanding leadership at the top. Also, you said earlier that the rules have changed, how so? What are the current rules we follow today?

M1: There are 12 rules that we must follow today including court dimensions, players, definitions, scoring, violations and free throws.

M2: The referee controls the game using some very interesting hand signals. There must be a manual for the hand signals that must be followed, so that everyone can leam them. How many teams are there altogether?

M1: It started out having just 8 teams, but now it has 30. But of course, my favourite will always be the Rockets.



译文:

M1 :  男人 1        M2 : 男人 2

 

M1:今晚有一场精彩的NBA联赛,我们一起看吧?

M2:看情况吧……谁跟谁比赛?

M1:是休斯敦火箭队对迈阿密热队。你知道,姚明在火箭队,所以这场比赛我们一定要看。

M2:你知道是谁发明的篮球或组建的NBA吗?肯定有人制定了比赛规则。

M1:是的,我还真知道,足加拿大的詹姆士·奈史密斯博士大。他白创1 3条比赛规则,发明了篮球运动。今天的篮球打法和过去比有一点点不同,但规则没变。

M2:首次篮球比赛是在加拿大举行的吗?我敢肯定在哪里看到过说第一场比赛是1946年在多伦多举行的。

M1:没错,第一次比赛是多伦多的爱斯基摩队对纽约的尼克博克斯队。不过,那时的比赛相当没意思,后来他们引进了24秒钟进攻时限。

M2:除了24秒进攻时限,还有一条附加限制规则,是为了限制球队在15分钟里犯规的次数。这样就形成了我们今天所熟悉和喜欢的篮球比赛,

M1:所以,自那以后NBA就变得越来越受欢迎了。篮球比赛开始在加拿大举行时,大多数的孩子都玩曲棍球,并不怎么喜欢篮球,但这些年来情况发生了很大的变化。

M2: NBA是一个组织还是由多个组织组合而成的呢?

M1:就像大多数职业运动联盟一样,NBA是一个独立的组织联盟,相互竞争也相互合作。

M2:如果没有优秀的领导阶层,这样的联盟就不能存活下去,也不会变得更加受欢迎。还有,刚才你说的一些规则已经变了,这是怎么回事?我们今天遵守的是什么样的规则?

M1:现在我们所遵守的有1 2条规则,包括球场规格、球员数量、解说、计分、违规和罚球。

M2:裁判用一些非常有趣的手势信号来控制球赛。肯定有一本大家必须遵守的手势信号手册,这样人人都可以学习。NBA 一共有多少支球队?

M1:开始的时候只有8支球队,现在有30支。当然我最喜欢的一直都是火箭队。

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