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【英语畅谈世界文化】017 Dragons 龙  

2016-10-18 15:12:53|  分类: 【英语】听力 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Lesson17:   Dragons   (中国)

原文:

M: Museum curator     V: Visitor

 

V: This picture we see here is of a very traditional Chinese dragon.

V: I'm sorry, but this dragon looks friendly unlike Western dragons which are fierce. Why?

MWhy? Well, in China dragons are not seen in the same way as in England. For example, they are not evil, but lucky.

V: Lucky, in what way?

M: Did you know we also connect dragons with the number 9? And 9 for us is a very lucky number.

V: In Western countries 7 is usually lucky and we think 13 is unlucky, but I don't think we have any special feeling about 9.

M: Although we don't know the exact origins, we are sure they predate history. We can find them in literature, poems, songs and architecture.

V: So they are very important to Chinese people. right ?

M: Yes, they are part of our conscience.

V: In this display the clothing is decorated with dragons. Why are they so significant?

M: This is an imperial dragon robe from the Qing Court. We also have a very famous Dragon Dance which dates back to the Song dynasty, and nowadays the Dragon Boat Festival is celebrated internationally.

V:  Yes, last year I was in Chinatown in London and we saw the dancing, but also a special type of boat race.

M: Yes, a Dragon Boat race. It is celebrated during the 5th month of the Chinese lunar calendar. It commemorates a great poet called Qu Yuan.

V: OK. So where else do we find dragons?

M: Well, there are many famous Chinese stories about the dragon. There is even a famous Chinese idiom "Lord Ye's Love of Dragons",  which means an apparent love of something one really fears.

V: Really? What's the story behind the idiom?

M: Lord Ye had a fascination about dragons. He had dragons everywhere and he was thinking about dragons all the time.  His love of dragons moved a real dragon, so the dragon came to visit him one day. When he saw the real dragon, he was frightened to death.

V: So you do agree that dragons can be scary, then?

M: For Lord Ye, yes!



译文:

M:博物馆馆长    V:参观者

 

M: 我们看到的这张照片上是一条非常传统的中国龙。

V: 可是,打断一下,这条龙看起来很友好,不像西方的龙那么凶,为什么?

M: 为什么?噢,是这样,中国人与英国人对龙的看法是不一样的。比如说,龙不是邪恶的,而是吉祥的动物。

V: 吉祥的?怎么吉祥?

M: 你知道我们还把龙跟数字9联系在一起吗?而9对我们来说是非常吉利的数字。

V: 在西方国家,通常7是幸运数字.13是不吉利的数字,但我想我们对9没有什么特别的感情。

M: 尽管我们不知道龙确切的由来,但我们确信那是很早以前的历史了。在文献、诗词、歌曲和建筑中都可以发现有关信息。

V: 所以龙对中国人非常重要,对吧?

M: 是的,它是我们意识形态的一部分。

v: 这次展览的服装上都饰有龙的图案。它们为什么那么重要?

M: 这是一件清朝皇帝穿的龙袍。我们还有个非常有名的舞龙表演,可以追溯到宋朝,还有,现在世界各地都在过龙舟节。

v: 没错,去年我在伦敦的中国城就看见了舞龙表演,而且还有专门的赛龙舟活动。

M: 噢,有赛龙舟。那是在中国阴历5月举行的庆祝活动,是为了纪念一个叫屈原的伟大诗人。

V: 好了,那么在哪儿还能找到龙?

M: 是这样,中国有很多关于龙的故事,甚至还有一个成语“叶公好龙”,意思是说爱上一个实际上害怕的东西。

v: 真的吗?这个典故是怎么说的?

M: 有个叫叶公的人非常喜欢龙。他每时每刻想着龙:生活的周遭环境里龙的形象也是无处不在。他对龙的喜爱感动了一条真龙,所以有一天这条龙就来拜访他。可是当叶公看见真龙时,却吓得要死。

V: 那你是不是也认为龙很可怕呢?

M: 对叶公来说是很可怕!

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