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【英语畅谈世界文化】022 切.格瓦拉 Che Guevara  

2016-10-18 15:01:24|  分类: 【英语】听力 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 Lesson22:   ?格瓦拉   Che Guevara (古巴)

原文:

B: Brian    D: David

 

B: Look at this, David. It's all about Che Guevara.

D: Ah, yes. He was a leader of revolutionaries who defeated the Batista dictatorship, right?

B: Right. Guevara was one of only a handful of foreigners who came to Cuba with the Castro brothers on the Yacht called "Granma" to fight  against the Batista dictatorship.

D: Most of them were caught and killed upon arrival, though.  Only 16 escaped into the Sierra Maestra mountains, where peasants and farmers aided them.

B: The peasants obviously wanted to overthrow Batista, too. By the time his troops marched on Havana with Camilo Cienfuegos' troops in January 1959. Guevara was very popular with the Cuban population.

D: Stories of his bravery and leadership circulated widely, and he was considered one of the most unimportant figures in the Revolution.

B: What about his early years? We all know that he rode around South America on an old motorcycle at the age of 23. The journey was crucial for the awakening of his social conscience. What about before that?

D: Well, he was born in Argentina on June 14, 1928, and he studied medicine at Buenos Aires University.

B: So that must have been where he became involved in opposition to the Argentine leader Juan Perón.

D: I guess so.  He was known as an intellectual and an idealist, able to speak coherently about Aristotle, Kant, Marx. Gide or Faulkner.

B: Wasn't he a poet too? I mean. he loved poetry, and was equally at home with Keats as with Sara De Iba?ez, his favorite writer. It is said that he knew Kipling's If by heart.

D: He enjoyed poetry, yes. But I don't know if he actually wrote any. Did you know he had a lifelong illness too?

B: I read somewhere that he had asthma, maybe that's why when he was a doctor he specialized in allergies.

D: What about his name, Che? Wasn't his first name Ernesto?

B: Yes, but "che" is the familiar diminutive for "you" in Argentina, as in "hey, you!"

D: Here it says that it was an affectionate team that became his "official" name and the one which he used for a signature, always with a lower case "c".



译文:

B:布莱思    D:大卫

 

B:大卫,看看这个,都是有关切?格瓦拉的事情。

D:哦,是的。他是古巴革命领袖,打败了巴蒂斯塔的独裁政府,对吗?

B: 是这样。格瓦拉是少数和卡斯特罗兄弟来到古巴的外国人之一,他们乘坐“格拉玛号”游艇向古巴进发,与巴蒂斯塔独裁政府展开斗争。

D: 不过,他们刚到那里时,大多数人不是被抓就是被杀。只有16个人逃出来,进了马埃斯特腊山区,那里的农民和农场主给他们提供了援助。

B: 显然,农民们也想推翻巴蒂斯塔政府。19591月,当格瓦拉的军队和卡米洛?西恩高戈斯领导的军队向哈瓦那进军时,他受到了古巴人民的热烈欢迎。

D: 他的英勇善战和卓越的领导能力被广为传颂。人们认为他是古巴革命中最重要的人物之一。

B: 他早年的生活怎么样?我们都知道他23岁时骑着一辆老摩托游历南美大陆。这次旅行激发了他的社会责任感。但在此之前他的情况又如何呢?

D: 哦,他1928614日生于阿根廷,后来在布宜诺斯艾利斯大学学医。

B: 所以他一定是在大学期间就参与反对阿根廷领导人胡安-庇隆。

D: 我也这么想。人们认力他是一名知识分子,一名理想主义者,谈起亚里士多德、康德、马克思、纪德或福克纳这样的大家,他讲得头头是道。

B: 他不也是个诗人吗?我是说他喜欢诗,对济慈和他最喜欢的作家沙拉??伊巴内斯一样精通。据说他能默诵吉卜林的诗歌《如果》。

D: 是的,他喜欢诗。但是我不知道他是否真正写过诗。你知道他还患有终身疾病吗?

B: 我从什么地方看到过,说他得了哮喘,也许这就是为什么他行医时以过敏症为专业。

D: 那他的名字切是怎么回事?他的名字不是恩斯托吗?

B: 是的,可是“切”在阿根廷是指“你”的亲近称呼,就像“嗨!喂!”这样用。

D: 这本书上说这是个爱称,后来成了他“正式”的名字,他用这个名字来签字,经常用小写“c”。

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