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【英语畅谈世界文化】025 尼罗河 The Nile  

2016-10-18 14:59:56|  分类: 【英语】听力 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 Lesson25:   尼罗河   The Nile (埃及)

原文:

T: Traveller    G:Tour guide

 

T: The Nile. I know it begins in the south of Egypt and stretched about 4, 000 miles north to the Mediterranean Sea. It's the longest river on earth, right?

G: That's right. It gets its name from a Greek word, "Neilos" which means "river valley". It gave water for growing food, drinking and for transportation. In fact, the Egyptian calendar of three seasons was based on the yearly cycle of the Nile.

T: Really? I never knew the Egyptians only had three seasons. It says here that the Egyptian year began in July, when the floods came.

G: It was also the main road of ancient Egypt, because roads couldn't be built on sandy desert or places that flooded each year.

T: So it was like a river road?

G: Exactly. Travelling was easy, going north, boats just drifted along with the flow of the river. And, because prevailing winds blew south, they helped travellers going in that direction, too.

T: That must be why there were so many traders in ancient Egypt. It must have been really easy to transport goods up and down the whole country.

G:  The Nile also helped the Egyptians co survive in another way:  food.  Every year, the Nile flooded, spreading rich sod across the land. Without this annual flooding, the Egyptians could not have grown so many crops.

T: We think of extreme weather destroying crops, not helping them!

G: But, in the desert is very different. Water is of utmost importance, because there is so little of it.

T: Yes, of course. How about the wildlife of the Nile?

G: There are many different types of animals living in or near the waters of the Nile, including crocodiles, birds, fish and many others.

T: But not just the animals depend on the Nile for survival, but also even nowadays, people who live there need it for everyday use like washing, as a water supply. keeping crops watered and other jobs.

G: Yes, and it's also a tourism resource. Many tourists come from all over the world and go on a Nile Cruise, perhaps a dream holiday for most people.

T: That's my plan for next summer, now that you've whet my appetite! Thanks for  explaining everything to me.



译文:

T:游客    G:导游

 

T: 尼罗河,我知道它起源于埃及南部,一直向北延伸4000英里到地中海。它是地球上最长的一条河,是这样吧?

G: 是这样。这条河的名字源于希腊词Neilos,意思是“河谷”。它是粮食种植、饮用和交通的水源。事实上,埃及的三季历法就是根据尼罗河的年周期制定的。

T: 真的吗?我从来不知道埃及人只有三个季节。历法上说埃及年从七月开始,那时正是洪水泛滥之时。

G: 尼罗河还是古埃及的交通要道,因为道路不能建在每年发洪水的沙漠或其他地方。

T: 尼罗河就是条水路了?

G: 一点不错。向北行非常容易,船只只需顺着河水的流向漂就行。同时,由于常年刮北风,所以对去南边旅游的游客也非常有利。

T: 古埃及的商人那么多一定跟这个有关。在整个埃及来回运送货物肯定相当方便。

G: 尼罗河还帮助埃及人以另外一种方式生存,即种植粮食作物。每年尼罗河泛滥,给周围带来了肥沃的土壤。没有每年一次的洪水,埃及人就不可能种植那么多的农作物。

T: 我们认为恶劣的天气会毁坏农作物而不是对农作物有利!

G: 但是在沙漠地区就不一样了。水是至关重要的,因为那里的水太少了。

T: 当然,是这样。那尼罗河地区的野生动物怎么样?

G: 在尼罗河水域或附近地区有很多种类各异的动物,包括鳄鱼、鸟、鱼和很多其他动物。

T: 但是不只是动物要靠尼罗河生存,哪怕是现在生活在那里的人也需要把尼罗河作为日常生活的水源,如洗衣服,灌溉庄稼或干其他活。

G: 确实如此,尼罗河还是一种旅游资源。很多游客从世界各地来这里航游尼罗河,也许对大多数人来说,这是个梦寐以求的假日。

T: 既然你把我的胃口吊起来了,那我明年夏天的旅游计划就安排去尼罗河!谢谢你给我讲的一切。

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