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【英语畅谈世界文化】026 法老 Pharaohs  

2016-10-18 14:59:11|  分类: 【英语】听力 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 Lesson26:   法老   Pharaohs (埃及)

原文:

P: Professor Thomson             S:Student

 

SProfessor Thomson, do you know anything about when the pharaohs lived, in ancient Egypt?

PAs a matter of fact I do. They have a long history, form the Pre-Dynastic period, 5500-3100 BC to the Late Kingdom period, 664-332 BC. Pharaoh is the ancient Egyptian name of king.

SThat is a long history! Too long for my project, I think. What about famous pharaohs?

PThere were certainly many of those. Sneferu was a pharaoh during the Old Kingdom period, he reigned for around 30 years. He is famous because he was the first pharaoh to build pyramids.

SHes very important then. Another?

POKnext is Khufu, who reigned during the 4th  dynasty. He was famous for building The Great Pyramid at Giza, one of the most well-known throughout the world. This pyramid shows us how Khufu was able to lead and co-ordinate his people, who helped him to build the pyramid in exchange for goods and services.

SWhy didnt he pay them? After all, they were construction workers.

PAt that time, there was no monetary system in Egypt.

SOh, I see. OK, whos next?

PAmenhotep III is next, he was king during the 18th  dynasty and he reigned for almost 40 years. Hes well known for being a prolific builder and a benevolent ruler. He built many splendid temples and statues of himself, but his greatest achievement was the Temple of Amun. It shows a relief which served to establish the legitimacy of his rule by depicting his birth directly form the god Amun.

SHe was king for 40 years you say ? Thats a long reign, he sounds like a great king. Are there any more famous pharaohs?

PYes, next I will tell you about perhaps the most famous of all the pharaohs. He was known as The Boy King. Have you heard this before?

SYes, I think so. Was it Tutan something?

PIndeed! Tutankhamun, or King Tut , he reigned for a very short time and died in his teens.

SIn his teens, well The Boy King is definitely the right name for him, then. Thanks so much for your help, I think my project will be a great success.


原文:

P: 汤姆森教授                             S:学生

 

S:汤姆森教授,你知道古埃及的法老们大概生活在什么时代吗?

P:我还确实知道。他们生活的年代很长,从公元前5500年至前3100年的前王朝起,一直到公元前664年至前332年的王国末期。法老是古埃及君主的称号。

S:这段历史真的很长!我想,对我的研究计划来说也太长了。研究些著名的法老怎么样?

P:有名的法老也有很多。 斯尼夫鲁是古王国时期的法老,统冶王国大约有30年。他有第一个修建金字塔的法老,因此而出名。

S:那么他是很重要了。其他著名的法老呢?

P:下一个是胡夫,是第四王朝的法老。他以修建吉萨的大金字塔而出名,这是世界上最有名的金字塔之一。该金字塔向我们展示了胡夫是如何领导和协调他的臣民,让他们帮助他修建金字塔以换取商品和公共服务的。

S:他为什么不付给他们工资?毕竟他们是建筑工人。

P:当时埃及没有货币体制。

S:噢,我知道了。好了,下一个是谁?

P:下一个是阿蒙霍特普三世,他是第18王朝的法老,统治王国约40年。以建筑众多和仁慈统治而闻名于世。他建了很多富丽堂皇的庙宇和他自己的雕像,但他最伟大的业绩是修建了阿蒙神庙。里面有个浮雕描述他是阿蒙神投胎转世,以此来巩固他合法的统治地位。

S:你是说他当了40年的国王吗?统治时间那么长,似乎像个伟大的国王。还有什么著名的法老吗?

P:还有,下面我要给你讲可能是所有法老中最有名的一个。他以“男孩国王”而闻名。这个你听说过吗?

S:是的,我想我听说过。是不是叫图坦什么的?

P:没错!是图坦卡蒙或“图坦王”,他统治的时间很短,十几岁就死了。

S:十几岁,那“男孩国王”的称号对他来说再确切不过了。谢谢你的帮助,我想我的研究计划会很成功的.

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