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【英语畅谈世界文化】030 圣女贞德 Joan of Arc  

2016-10-18 14:56:54|  分类: 【英语】听力 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 Lesson30:   圣女贞德 Joan of Arc (法国)

原文:

RResearcher    L: Librarian

 

R: I'm looking for some materials about Joan of Arc, where might I find them?

L: I'll show you. Are you doing some research?

R: Yes, I'm writing a book about famous figures in history.

L: Well, Joan of Arc is certainly famous. She was the most famous fighting woman in European history.

R: On the battlefield, she motivated her troops to drive the enemies from her homeland.

L: Although she knew nothing about warfare, she claimed to be guided by visions of saints. Few people believed her and many thought she used sorcery.

R: Yes, that's why when she was captured, she was declared a witch and burnt at the stake I don't really believe she was a witch.

L: Maybe she was schizophrenic. She stared to hear voices and have visions at the age of 13.

R: Yes, I suppose so.  Seeing things is a symptom of mental problems.  These visions, there were of saints, weren't they?

L: St. Michael, the captain-general of the armies of Heaven, and St. Catherine and St. Margaret who were both early Christian martyrs.

R: Well, nowadays Joan of Arc is a saint herself. I bet she never believed she would end up in such company.

L: I think all that she cared even considered the fact about was fighting for king and country, she probably never that many years later people would admire her and make her a saint.

R: Around the time she was born, France was at war with the English. I guess she couldn't have been born at a better time!

L: This conflict was not really a war, it lasted for more than l00 years. That's why we call it "The Hundred Years War".

R: A hundred years is certainly a long time to be fighting. A victory here would have allowed the English a chance to control all of southern France.

L: Yes, but they were stopped by the French, who were led by a seventeen-year-old peasant girl-Joan.

R: It's hard to think that someone so young could have led an army. This particular battle took place in Orleans.

L: Now Joan is known as "The Maid of Orleans".



原文:

R:研究员        L:图书管理员

 

R:我在查一些关于圣女贞德的资料,哪儿能找到呢?

L:我指给你看吧。你在做研究吗?

R:是的,我正在写一本有关历史上著名人物的书。

L:嗯,圣女贞德的确很有名,她也是欧洲历史上最著名的女英雄。

R:在战场上,她激励她的士兵们把敌人赶出国土。

L:虽然她不懂战术,但她声称受了圣徒的指引。很少有人相信她,很多人还认为她使用了巫术。

R:是的,这就是为什么她被捕时被宣称是个巫婆,最后被烧死在火刑柱上的原因。我真的不相信她是个巫婆。

L:她可能得了精神分裂症,从13岁起她就开始幻听、幻视。

R:是的,我也这么认为。出现幻觉就是精神疾病的症状。这些幻影都是圣徒,对吧?

L:是的,圣米歇尔,他是天堂里军队的统帅。还有圣凯瑟琳和圣玛格丽特,她们都是早期的基督教殉教者。

R:哦,如今圣女贞德自己也成了一个圣徒’。我敢说她从没想过自己会加入这个行列。

L:我想她最关心的是为国千和国家而战.她可能从未料到很多年以后人们会赞美她,把她当作圣人。

R:在她出生前后的那段时间里,法国正与英国交战。我想她生得正是时候。

L:这次冲突并不是真正意义上的战争,它持续了一百多年,所以我们把它叫做“百年战争”’。

R:打了一百年,时间的确不短。要是英国人胜了,他们就有机会控制整个法国南部,

L:是的,但是他们却遭到法国军人的阻挡,被一个17岁的法国农村女孩贞德所率领的队伍击退。

R:很难想象一个如此年轻的人可以带领军队。这次特别的战役发生在奥尔良。

L:如今,贞德也被称为“奥尔良少女”。

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