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【实战口语】第22期:Homework debate 作业辩论  

2016-07-01 09:49:25|  分类: 【英语】口语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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      Todd:Hello, Frederick.

托德:你好,弗雷德里克。

Fred:Hi, Todd.

弗雷德:你好,托德。

Todd:Frederick, we are talking about school and education and our topic now is homework. Do you think students in university should have lots of homework?

托德:弗雷德里克,我们之前谈了学校和教育,今天的话题是作业。你认为大学生应该做很多作业吗?

Fred:I think your question is very precise. I think students in university is different than students in high school or junior college. Now in university, you should be a responsible student. Now what I mean by being a responsible student is that the teacher doesn't have to tell you what you should do. You should know what you have to do, and so homework perhaps should not be something so important to you as a responsible student.

弗雷德:我认为你的问题很精确。我认为大学生和高中生还有初中生不一样。在大学里应该成为一名负责的学生。负责的学生意思是,老师不用告诉他们应该做什么。学生自己应该知道他们要做什么,而作业对负责的学生来说并不是太重要。

Todd:So, you are saying that students should studyon their own.

托德:所以你的意思是学生应该自主学习。

Fred:They should.

弗雷德:对,自主学习。

Todd:And not be told what to study?

托德:不应该由老师告诉他们应该学什么吗?

Fred:They should be told what to study, but they should not be told how they should study by giving them a framework of homework.

弗雷德:老师要告诉学生他们应该学什么,不过不能通过留作业来告诉他们应该怎样学习。

Todd:Alright, so for example if they are studying math they should be told what principles they need to learn but they shouldn't actually have to do a handout andturnitinevery day.

托德:好,举例来说,如果学习数学,那老师应该教给学生他们要学习的理论,不应该让学生们每天都交作业。

Fred:No, because they know that at the end of the semester they will have and exam and if they haven't done what theywere supposed to, well, I don't think they can pass that class.

弗雷德:对,因为学生们知道学期末会有考试,如果他们没有完成应该学习的内容,那他们就不能通过考试。

Todd:As a teacher, I'm not so sure because you are a very motivated person and I think many students are motivated and disciplined like you but I have many students I think that just are not motivated and they won't do it unless I make them do it, like if I make them do it, then they might generate interest and they might improve but if I I don't make themhand inhomework, if I don't tell them what to do, I don't think they'll study at all. They'll just party and have fun.

托德:作为老师,我不太确定你的看法是否正确,你是一个上进心很强的人,我认为大部分学生都像你这样既有上进心又遵守纪律,不过我也教过许多没有上进心的学生,如果我让他们交作业,那他们就不会做,如果我要求交作业,那他们可能会产生兴趣,成绩进步,但是如果不让他们交作业,不告诉他们要做什么,我想他们就完全不会学习了。他们会四处吃喝玩乐和享受。

Fred:OK, Iagree withyou. There are certain students that need to be told what to do. There are people that have a hard time doing thingsby themselves. I agree with you, but perhaps this idea of homework, it just kind of comes out of high school or junior high school where the teacher tells you what to do, but in university it's different because assignment would be very important, so perhaps you would give the students and assignement every week but not homework every day and the assignment would count for a certain percentage and then that would give the incentive to the students to do it. If you don't give the students any incentive, then they will not be motivated.

弗雷德:好,我同意你的观点。的确有一些学生需要被告知要做什么。有些人很难去自主做事。我同意你的观点,不过我认为作业是高中和初中的产物,中学老师会告诉学生要做什么,可是大学不一样,对大学生来说学习任务比较重要,老师可以每周给学生布置学习任务,而不是每天留课外作业,学习任务应该在学分占有一定比例,这样学生会更积极地去完成。如果不给学生一些激励,那他们可能不会太积极。

Todd:That's a good point. I agree with you somewhat.

托德:你说的有道理。我部分同意你的观点。

重点讲解:

1. on one's own 独立地;依靠自己地;

例句:The new couple decided to liveon their own.

新婚夫妇决定独立生活。

2. turn in 上交;提交;交付;

例句:Now we wait for them toturn intheir essays.

现在我们等着他们交上作文。

3. be supposed to do sth. 应当,应该,须;

例句:Youarenotsupposed toidle about at this hour.

这不是你应该闲逛的时候。

4. hand in 上交(作业、拾到的失物等);

例句:I do not know when she canhand inher homework.

我不知道她什么时候能交来她的作业。

5. agree with 同意;赞成;意见一致;

例句:I quiteagree withyou that he needs further training.

我完全同意你的意见,他还需要进一步培养。

6. by oneself 单独,独力;

例句:John managed to repair his carby himself.

约翰设法独力修理自己的汽车。

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