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【听力教程】高级英语听力 lesson 13  

2016-05-29 10:20:29|  分类: 【英语】听力 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 Lesson Thirteen

 Section One: News in Brief

 Tapescript
 1. A special committee of twelve senators today began the
 impeachment trial of Federal J   udge Harry1 Claiborne. It's the first
 such proceeding2 in fifteen years.  Claiborne is serving a jail sentence
 for tax evasion3.

 2. President Reagan today continued his campaign for a drUg7free
 America.  He ordered mandatory4 testing for federal workers in sensi-
 tive positions.  And he also sent Congress a legislative5 package that
 would increase federal anti-drug spending by nine hundred million
 dollars, much of that on increased border patrols.  The President said
 the legislation is the federal government's way of just saying no to
 drugs.  "We're getting tough on drugs; we mean business.  To those
 who are thinking of using drugs, we say 'Stop.' And to those who
 are pushing drugs, we say 'Beware.' " Mandatory drug testing for
 some federal workers is the most controversial part of the President's
 plan.  It's been condemned6 by some employee groups.

 3. One person was killed and more than fifty injured today in Paris
 when a bomb exploded at the drivers' permit office at police head-
 quarters.  It was the fourth blast in seven days in the French capital.

  Section Two: News in Detail

  Tapescript
       in Paris today, one person was killed and more than fifty were
  injured when a bomb exploded at police headquarters.  This is the
  fourth attack on a crowded public target in a week.  A police officer
  was killed yesterday while removing a bomb from a restaurant on
  the Avenue Champs Elysee.  Minutes after that incident, Prime Min-
  ister Jacques Chirac announced new security measures aimed at
  curbing7 terrorist activities in, France.  Melodie Walker reports from
  Paris.
       A group calling itself 'the Committee for Solidarity8 with Arab
  and Middle-Eastern Prisoners' has claimed responsibility for the
  current series of bombings in Paris, in addition to ten other attacks
  in the French capital over the past year.  The Committee has deliv-
  ered messages to news agencies in Beirut threatening to continue its
  bombing campaign in Paris until the French government agrees to
  release three men jailed in France on charges of terrorism.  One of the

  convicted prisoners, George lbraham Abdullah, is believed to be the
  leader of the Lebanese Army Faction9 suspected of killing10 a US mili-
  tary attache in Paris in 1982.  The French government has officially
  declared it will not release tht prisoners.  In response to the repeated
  attacks in Paris, Prime Minister Chirac last night announced new
  anti-terrorist measures: military patrols along the French boiders
  will be increased and, beginning today, all foreigners will require a
  visa to enter France.  Citizens of European Common Market coun-
  tries and Switzerland will be exempt11 from the visa requirement.  But
  Americans planning to visit France will need to apply for visas at the
  nearest French consulate12.  For an initial period of fifteen days, how-
  ever, emergency visas will be granted at French airports and other
  border checkpoints.  France has been plagued with terrorism at home
  and abroad in recent years.  In the past two weeks, three French
  members of the United Nations peace keeping force in Lebanon
  have been killed by remote-controlled bombs.  Today, France,called
  for an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council to discuss the
  role and safety of the force.  Seven French hostages in Beirut are also
  a major concern for the Chirac government.  Dominique Moazi, As-
  sociate Director of the French Institute for International Relations,
  says the bombings in Paris, the attacks on the UN troops, and the
  hostage situation are all indirectly13 related.
      'I think there is a global goal, which is looked after, and that is
  to punish France for its involvement in Middle-Eastern affairs, ei-
  ther Lebanon or the war between Iran and Iraq.  And France is, at
  the same time, more visible than any other European actors, in
  Lebanon and in the Gulf14.'
      According to Moazi, the long French tradition of granting polit-
  ical asylum15 has made France more open and accessible to terrorist
  activities.
      "In the past we have given, unfortunately, the impression, which
  was maybe a reality, of being less resolute16 in our treatment of terror-

  ist action than, for example, the Israelis.  So that combination of visi-
  bility, vulnerability, and lack of resolution has made us the ideal tar-
  get of terrorists now.'
      In a statement released today, President Francois Mitterand
  said, ' The fight against terrorism is the business of the entire
  nation.' But despite the govemment's determination to combat ter-
  rorism, the question of how to do it remains17 unanswered.  For Na-
  tional Public Radio, this is Melodie Walker in Paris.

Section Three: Special Report

 Tapescript
      The United States Senate Intelligence Committee today released
 a report calling for sweeping18 changes in US security policies and
 counter-intelligence, its first unclassified assessment19 of recent spy
 cases.  The Committee says the damage done has cost billions of dol-
 lars, threatening America's security,as never before.  NPR's David
 Malthus has the story.
      The report states that the damage done from espionage20 and lax
 security is worse than anyone in the government has yet acknow-
 ledged publicly.  It concludes that US military plans and capabilities21

  have been seriously compromised, intelligence operations gravely
  impaired22.  US technological23 advantages have been overcome in some
  areas because of spying.  And diplomatic secrets were exposed to ad-
  versaries.  Vermont Democrat24 Patrick Leahy is Vice-Chairman of
  the Senate Intelligence Committee.
       'The national security is many times threatened more by this
  than by the buildup of Soviet25 arms, or the buildup of Soviet person-
  nel, or breakthrough in weapon development."
       The Committee report says foreign intelligence services have
  penetrated26 some of the most vital parts of US defense27, intelligence,
  and foreign policy structures.  The report cites a string of recent
  cases, including the Walker-Whitworth spy ring, which gave the So-
  viets the ability to decode28 at least a million military communications.
  Despite some improvements by the Reagan Administration in securi-
  ty and tough talk over the last two years, the report also concludes
  that the administration has failed to follow through with enough
  specific steps to tighten29 security, and that its counter-intelligence
  programs have lacked the needed resources to be effective.  Republi-
  can Dave Durenberger of Minnesota, Chairman of the Intelligence
  Committee, sums up the current situation this way:
       'Too many secrets, too much access to secrets, too many spies,
  too little accountability for securing our national secrets, and too lit-
  tle effort given to combatting the very real threat which spies repre-
  sent to our national security.'
       Senator Durenberger said the Committee found some progress
  has been made in toughening up security clearances30 for personnel,
  and some additional resources have been devoted31 to countering
  technical espionage, but he said much more needs to be done and he
  described the current security system as one 'paralyzed by bureau-
  cratic inertia32.' The Committee makes ninety-five specific recom-
  me,ndations, including greater emphasis on re-investigations of
  cleared personnel, a streamlined classification system, more money

  for counter-intelligence elements of the FBI, CIA and the military
  services, and tighter controls on foreign diplomats33 from hostile coun-
  tries.  The report cites FBI assessments34 on how extensively the Sovi-
  ets use, diplomatic cover to hide spying activity.  There are
  twenty-one hundred diplomats, UN officials, and trade representa-
  tives from the Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact35 countries living in the
  United States.  And according to the FBI, 30% of them are profes-
  sional intelligence officers.  The Committee report also says the Sovi-
  et Union is effectively using United Nations organizations
  worldwide to conduct spying operations.  It says approximately eight
  hundred Soviets36 work for UN agencies, three hundred of them in
  New York, and one fourth of those are working for the KGB or the
  Soviet military intelligence, the GRU.  Next week, the Reagan Ad-
  ministration is to deliver to. the Congress its, classified report on
  counter-intelligence.  I'm David Malthus in Washington.



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