注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

伴你一程

Ban Ni Yi Cheng

 
 
 

日志

 
 

【考研英语】24.Piano  

2016-05-27 09:07:46|  分类: 【英语】写作 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

 

The ancestry1 of the piano can be traced to the early keyboard instruments of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries --- the spinet2, the dulcimer, and the virginal. In the seventeenth century the organ, theclavichord3, and the harpsichord5 became the chief instruments of the keyboard group, asupremacy6 they maintained until the piano supplanted7 them at the end of the eighteenth century. The clavichord’s tone was metallic8 and never powerful; nevertheless, because of the variety of tone possible to it, many composers found the clavichord a sympathetic instrument for intimate chamber9 music. The harpsichord with its bright, vigorous tone was the favorite instrument for supporting the bass10 of the small orchestra of the period and for concert use, but the character of the tone could not be varied11 save by mechanical or structural12 devices.

 

The piano was perfected in the early eighteenth century by a harpsichord maker13 in Italy (though musicologists point out several previous instances of  the instrument). This instrument was called a piano eforte14 (sort and loud), to indicate its dynamic versatility15; its strings16 were struck by arecoiling17 hammer with a felt-padded head. The wires were much heavier in the earlier instruments. A series of mechanical improvements continuing well into the nineteenth century, including the introduction of pedals to sustain tone or to soften18 it, the perfection of a metal frame, and steel wire of the finest quality, finally produced an instrument capable of myriad19 tonal effects from the most delicate harmonies to an almost orchestral fullness of sound, from a liquid, singing tone to a sharp, percussive20 brilliance21.

 

 

NOTE:

Musical Instruments

1.The strings (弦乐)

1) plectrum: harp4lute22, guitar, mandolin;

2) keyboard: clavichord, harpsichord, piano;

3) bow: violin, viola, cello23, double bass.

2. The  Wood(木管)—winds : piccolo, flute24, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, English horn;

3. the brass(铜管): French horn, trumpet25, trombone, cornet, tuba,  bugle26, saxophone;

4.the percussion(打击组): kettle drum, bass drum, snare27 drum, castanet, xylophone, celesta, cymbal28,tambourine29.


  评论这张
 
阅读(1)| 评论(1)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017